What is “Halal”?

The word “halal” (from the Arabic «al-halal» – «allowed”) – a term denoting primarily the safety, purity, benefit to human health, the lack of foods harmful preservatives and additives. In the Muslim way of life called “halal” usually refers to the flesh of animals, the use of which does not violate Islamic dietary restrictions, and also meets the requirements of the shelf life and storage, for products closely monitored accordingly halal – Committee.

Islamic dietary laws based on the Koran, Hadith derived from books that tell about the deeds and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and obtained by extrapolation and conclusions from the Koran and Hadith texts made by Muslim jurists.

Certification “Halal”

Why “Halal” products are useful and safe for health? Selected for the slaughter of an animal or bird must be healthy. They are slaughtered in compliance with a certain ritual: over the animal or bird to read the prayer, after which he must be killed quickly and less painfully, by instant cutting the carotid arteries is very sharp knife, in the agony of the heart of the animal still works and drives the blood through the vessels and neck vessels have been cut ; thus, more cordial working engine helps to expel the majority of the blood from the meat, the animal is still alive. Moreover, in contrast to the meat prepared in the usual way, under the terms of “Halal” is not allowed to soak and Ambassador carcasses. To animal ingredients such as emulsifiers, fat and enzymes were considered “halal,” they must be obtained from animals slaughtered according to Islamic law. A completely different situation is in the modern “is not halal” downhole, where just before slaughter, in the animal’s blood, whose heart is still working, added preservative such as formalin – ie tissue preservative – clean for the body poison, from which it would have died without slaughter. Also no secret that is typically hammered into meat hormones, antibiotics, etc. What is the meaning of the blood of exile? The point is that the blood – this is the most perishable element of the body, which, emerging from the animal, contain dangerous bacteria and toxins, so the blood from the carcass should be lowered as quickly as possible, all the more so that this method of slaughter saves an animal or bird by torment unnecessary to provide, as a result, a better meat quality. As for the fact that it is forbidden to eat, as well as all the forbidden, Allah Almighty has explained to us the reason for the prohibitions, saying: “He commands endorse or prohibit reprehensible makes lawful good and forbid bad.” “Halal” products are in demand, volumes of consumption are growing, and it is natural to try to take advantage of by unscrupulous manufacturers. If for buyers – non-Muslims under the standard products “Halal” – a quality issue, then for believers is a complex of primarily religious and ethical, and only then – the gastronomic requirements. To solve this problem, the Muslim community has developed clear criteria for “halal” products, and the institutions that carry out product certification and monitoring of its compliance with this standard.
Recently, more and more people are engaging in the trade and economic, financial ratios or using different services, the interests of the object of consumption “halal” standards. The global market for products that comply with the rules of “Halal” is estimated at 500 billion dollars a year, and the number of potential customers can be up to 1.5 billion people -.. That is how much the Earth’s inhabitants profess Islam. Passing the certification of “Halal” manufacturers mainly plan to export their products. However, do not forget about the prospects of the domestic market consumption of “halal” sector, because about 2 million Muslims live in Ukraine, which also have a need for “halal” food. Ukrainian producers in recent years have increasingly directs ambitions in this regard and strive to compete for this niche global market. In addition, a lot of potential “halal” sector has Europe: now experts estimate the turnover of the European market “halal” products in approximately 66 billion dollars, and in the next decade, it is expected to increase by another 20-25%.. The Muslim population of the “old world” is variously estimated from 51.2 to 52 million. People, which, given its constant growth, makes this a very attractive niche for investors. Europeans who do not profess Islam, see the certification of “Halal” optional quality mark, where at each stage of production is carried out strict control. For this reason, they are in the stores looking for products with the emblem is “halal”.
We have mentioned that the basic requirements for the products in accordance with halal standards are contained in the “Codex Alimentarius”. However, what kind of organization, and what are its goals? International trade in food has existed for thousands of years, but until recently, food products sold and consumed primarily in the same region where they were produced. The situation changed in the twentieth century, in which, thanks to advances in science and increase the storage capacity of perishable products has increased significantly the amount of food produced for export. Today, as never before, a huge party in a wide range of food products travel the world. Codex Alimentarius develops international food standards, guidelines and regulations that govern the safety and quality of foods entering the world market, as well as ensure compliance with the conditions of “fair trade”. Consumers can be confident in the quality and safety of the products they buy, and importers can be assured that the food ordered by them, will conform to its specifications.
To correct inconsistencies, eliminate misunderstandings and resolve contentious issues, LLC Center for Certification Halal Global Ukraine has developed an order for handling complaints and appeals, according to which: Appeal – the request of the representative of the object of conformity assessment to the conformity assessment body or to the accreditation body to review the decision taken by this body with respect to this object. Complaint, in contrast to the appeal, is an expression of dissatisfaction with the activity of the conformity assessment body or accreditation body on the part of any person or organization. According to the procedure for handling complaints and appeals, the Applicant may be any organization, a person-participant in the certification process or a person interested in the results of certification, the right of which in her opinion is violated. Appeals and complaints from applicants and other parties are possible in the case of: – violation of the established order of work; – non-compliance by experts in certification requirements for experts; – failure to perform works within the established time limits; – making mistakes when preparing documents; – and others. If there are any disputable issues in the event of the applicant’s disagreement with the results of conformity assessment or inspection control, sampling, testing by the testing laboratory, decision on refusal to carry out product certification, the applicant has the right to forward to the Certification Body, within 15 working days from the day of the indicated actions, claim, and appeal. The appeal / complaint is submitted in writing and signed by the applicant; may be mailed or handed in personally. The appeal / complaint must contain: – information about the applicant who filed an appeal or complaint; – name and address (for legal entities); – Surname, name, patronymic, passport data, address (for individuals); – the applicant’s claims and the reasons for which he considers the decision taken by the certification body to be incorrect. An appeal / complaint is registered with the Certification Body and forwarded to the head for review. The director appoints within three days: – the commission or the person responsible for handling the complaint; – Commission for resolving the issue on appeal. When considering claims, it is necessary to strictly observe the principles of objectivity of the claims management process: – openness – a widely available and understood for the involved persons process of claims management; – impartiality – the absence of prejudice and pressure when interacting with the claimant; – confidentiality – to eliminate situations in which the customer avoids filing claims for fear that disclosure of the details of the claim may lead to inconvenience or discrimination against him; – accessibility – the applicant’s access to the information identified as a result of work with the claim. In case of validity of the received claim, the responsible executor develops and controls the implementation of corrective and preventive actions, specifying the specific terms. At the same time, the corrective and preventive actions developed should eliminate the cause of the claim and exclude the possibility of their reappearance. In case of unreasonableness of the received claim, an official response is prepared with evidence of the correctness of the actions of LLC “Center for Certification” Halal Global Ukraine “, with references to normative documents. The initial response must be sent to the applicant in writing not later than 10 calendar days after the date of registration of the complaint stating: – information on its receipt by the Certification Authority; – registration number; – the period for consideration of the complaint. The decision on the complaint is made in two copies, within 30 calendar days. The decision on the complaint must contain: – with full or partial satisfaction of the complaint – the time and manner of its satisfaction; – with full or partial refusal to satisfy the complaint – the reasons for refusal with reference to the relevant legislative acts, normative documents and evidence justifying the refusal; – List of documents confirming the reasonableness of the decision. If you disagree with the decision, the applicant has the right to appeal against him by appealing to the CB, according to the procedure for appeals or appeal to higher authorities. In order to identify and prevent the reasons for receipt of complaints / appeals, the Certification Authority regularly conducts: the analysis of complaints and appeals received earlier, the analysis of corrective and preventive actions; periodic inspections of regulatory documents; Internal audits; training; Verification of documents issued on the basis of the work performed; measures to improve the QMS on the basis of the analysis.